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- 06/09/16--19:31: _World: El Niño fore...
- 08/03/16--08:40: _World: Humanitarian...
- 08/19/16--06:47: _World: Aid in Dange...
- 08/19/16--06:57: _World: Aid in Dange...
- 08/19/16--07:05: _World: Aid in Dange...
- 08/19/16--13:33: _World: World Humani...
- 09/01/16--07:46: _World: Humanitarian...
- 10/04/16--09:43: _World: Humanitarian...
- 11/01/16--10:39: _World: Humanitarian...
- 12/02/16--10:32: _World: Humanitarian...
- 12/19/16--23:19: _World: Unaccompanie...
- 01/03/17--06:12: _World: Humanitarian...
- 08/18/17--07:00: _World: Humanitarian...
- 03/15/18--14:44: _World: Humanitarian...
- 03/15/18--14:46: _World: Aperçu de l’...
- 03/15/18--14:48: _World: Situación ac...
- 06/09/16--19:31: World: El Niño forecasted impact - ECHO Daily Map | 09/06/2016
- 134 aid workers killed in incidents attributed to Non-State Actors.
- 82 aid workers killed in incidents attributed to State Actors.
- For the remainder, no further information is currently available.
- 14 aid workers were reported killed following their abduction in Afghanistan (7), South Sudan (3), Honduras, Kenya and Syria (1 each).
As of 30 November 2016, UN-coordinated appeals and refugee response plans within the Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) require US$22.1 billion to meet the needs of 96.2 million humanitarian crisis-affected people in 40 countries. Together the appeals are funded at $11.4 billion, leaving a shortfall of $10.7 billion.
In November, the funding requirements for the initial Flash Appeal for Haiti to respond to the most urgent humanitarian needs caused by Hurricane Matthew increased by $19 million, bringing the total to $139 million. The Flash Appeal targets the 750,000 people most in need of assistance until the end of the year.
In Somalia, needs continue to rise due to drought, conflict, displacement and lack of basic services. Partners require $471 million before the end of the year to provide life-saving assistance to vulnerable communities. Critical clusters such as food security, health, education and protection are all funded below 35 per cent.
The Libyan Humanitarian Response Plan remains underfunded at 30 per cent. Only four out of 98 hospitals in Libya work at full capacity and the severe lack of funding has meant critical needs in the health sector continue to be unmet. Meanwhile, the Libya Flash Appeal which requests $10.7 million by the end of the year, is only 5 per cent funded. The appeal seeks to provide urgent protection and life-saving assistance to 79,400 people in the Libyan city of Sirte. Please see icon overleaf for information on other urgent funding needs.
In 2016, the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) has disbursed $408 million to 47 countries. In November alone, almost $16 million was disbursed to four crises, including to assist 385,000 Afghan returnees from Pakistan, stranded Syrian refugees in the Berm, South Sudanese refugees in the CAR, and internally displaced persons in the Republic of Congo. CERF is currently projecting an income of nearly $425 million for 2016, which leaves a shortfall of $25 million on the $450 million funding target for this year. The CERF High-Level Pledging Conference for 2017 will be held on 13 December in New York and chaired by the United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.
Country-based pooled fund (CBPF) allocations, including planned allocations, in 2016 total $531 million to 369 partners through 1,010 projects. Some 18 per cent ($98 million) have gone to national NGOs; 45 per cent ($241.5 million) to international NGOs; 36 per cent ($189 million) to UN agencies and 0.5 per cent ($2.7 million) to the Red Cross/Red Crescent. CBPFs have been instrumental in supporting some 32 million people with health services, 14.7 million people with water and sanitation interventions and some 14.5 million people with nutritional support. Since January 2016, 18 Member States have contributed a total of $549 million for operations in 17 countries.
- 12/19/16--23:19: World: Unaccompanied Minors in European Countries (2008-2015)
As of 30 December 2016, the inter-agency coordinated appeals and refugee response plans within the Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) require US$22.1 billion -- an increase of 10 per cent since it was first launched twelve months ago -- to meet the needs of 96.2 million humanitarian crisis-affected people in 40 countries. By the end of 2016, $12.6 billion were raised towards the coordinated appeals -- more than ever before. Despite immense donor generosity, it is only 57 percent of the requirements committed, leaving a short fall of $9.5 billion. In comparison to 2015, the year closed with 53 percent coverage receiving $10.7 billion). In 2016, the bulk of the global requirements were for just four humanitarian crises: Iraq, South Sudan, Syria and Yemen -- all man-made conflicts.
On 5 December, the 2017 Global Humanitarian Overview consolidated appeal was launched requiring $22.2 billion to meet the needs of 92.8 million most vulnerable people in 33 countries affected by crisis. New requirements for half of the appeals/response plans have increased, and are likely to increase throughout 2017.
Two and an half months after Hurricane Matthew, reported funding for the Haiti Flash Appeal has increased over the last month with 62 per cent funded, leading a shortfall of $52.5 million still needed. There are limited resources to meet the basic needs of those evicted from temporary shelters, as well as the most vulnerable people in zones of return. The Flash Appeal requires $139 million to assist 750,000 people in need. Some sectors – protection (11%), early recovery (18%) and shelter (25%) – have been particularly poorly funded. Health is 18 % funded.
In 2016, the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) has so far disbursed $437 million to 47 countries. In December, $18.4 million was allocated for immediate life-saving assistance to displaced families and host population in Mosul, Iraq. In addition, $3.5 million was approved to support 31,000 people facing forced eviction from temporary shelters following Hurricane Matthew in Haiti. In 2016 as reported so far, CERF received an income of $426.3 million, which is 95 per cent of the annual target. For 2017, at the CERF High-Level Conference on 13 December, thirty-three donors pledged approximately $273 million for next year, already close to 60 per cent of the annual target of $450 million. Some donors are yet to make announcements due to internal budgetary processes but are expected to pledge in early 2017.
2016 was a record year for Country-Based Pooled Funds (CBPFs) with 21 Member States contributing more than US$691 million for operations in 17 countries. The Iraq and Yemen Humanitarian Funds each received more than $100 million. The 17 CBPFs disbursed $662 million, enabling 370 organizations working across all clusters to deliver life-saving assistance targeting almost 100 million crisis-affected people. International NGOs received the most (46 per cent), followed by UN agencies (35 per cent), national NGOs (18 per cent) and the Red Cross/Red Crescent Movement (1 per cent).
- 08/18/17--07:00: World: Humanitarian Access Overview, August 2017
Access of humanitarian actors to affected population
Access of people in need to humanitarian aid
Security and physical constraints Each category is measured through proxy indicators, such as violence against personnel, denial of needs, or active hostilities.
- 03/15/18--14:44: World: Humanitarian Access Overview, March 2018
- 03/15/18--14:46: World: Aperçu de l’accès humanitaire, mars 2018
- 03/15/18--14:48: World: Situación actual del acceso humanitario, marzo 2018
As of 31 July 2016, UN-coordinated Humanitarian Response Plans (HRP), Flash Appeals and Regional Refugee Plans as covered by the Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) require US$21.9 billion to meet the needs of 96.9 million people affected by humanitarian crises in 40 countries. The appeals are funded at $7.2 billion, with unmet requirements totalling $14.7 billion. Overall, donors have contributed $13.7 billion towards humanitarian operations in 2016 and pledged a further $814.4 million.
On 20 July, humanitarian partners launched an urgent appeal for $284 million to prepare for the humanitarian impact of the military operation to retake Mosul from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). It is vital that this amount is received promptly so that minimum preparedness measures can be put in place. In a worst-case scenario, nearly $1.8 billion may be required to assist up to 1.5 million people considered to be at risk.
Contributions are also urgently required to allow organizations to scale up or sustain operations in Syria and the region. Although the London conference earlier this year saw record-level pledges and $4.8 of the $ 6 billion pledged has been allocated, some donors have not yet allocated the funds pledged. The Syria Humanitarian Response Plan and the Syria Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan (3RP) are funded at 27 and 43 per cent respectively.
Additionally, UN country teams in Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria are seeking to scale up operations. These countries require $559 million to meet the emergency needs caused by the Lake Chad Basin crisis. Additional and timely donor support will be critical to mounting an effective response. Please see icon overleaf for information on other urgent funding needs.
For El Niño, globally Government or Humanitarian Country Team plans call for approximately $5 billion. The funding gap is about $3.3 billion. Over $600 million is required for Ethiopia alone and $2.7 billion for Southern African Development Community (SADC) countries. The Southern Africa Regional Inter-Agency Standing Committee (RIASCO) launched a regional El Niño response plan which has three pillars: humanitarian, resilience and macro-financial. To address priority humanitarian needs, partners require $1.2 billion, of which $237 million has been contributed to date.
Meanwhile, the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) has received $273 million for 2016 as of the end of July, most of which have been directed to 35 countries for life-saving activities. In July alone, $21.6 million were disbursed to emergencies in seven countries - Iraq, Bangladesh, DRC, Malawi, Rwanda, Nigeria and Sudan. The second round of underfunded-emergencies window allocation of $50 million will be announced in August. Currently, the CERF secretariat anticipates a funding gap of $50 million of the $450 million annual target for 2016. New contributions are urgently required to secure adequate funding for future response.
So far in 2016, 17 Member States have contributed $385 million to country-based pooled funds (CBPFs). In turn, $301 million has been allocated to frontline responders: 20 per cent to national NGOs; 46 per cent to international NGOs; 33 per cent to UN agencies; 1 per cent to Red Cross / Crescent. OCHA manages 18 CBPFs in some of the world's worst crises, including Iraq, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen. Allocations are decided upon through an in-country consultative process based on humanitarian needs and priorities.
308 aid workers reported killed between January 2015 and June 2016
In 2015, open sources reported 179 aid workers killed in 101 severe incidents. During the first six months of 2016, 61 severe incidents reported 129 aid workers killed.
816 aid workers reported killed, kidnapped, injured or assaulted between January 2015 and June 2016
In 2015, open sources reported 515 aid workers killed (179), kidnapped (129) and assaulted or injured (207) in 234 severe incidents. During the first six months of 2016, open sources reported 301 aid workers killed (129), kidnapped (75) and assaulted or injured (97) in 122 severe incidents.
In 2015, open sources reported 207 aid workers as assaulted or injured in 95 severe incidents.
- During the first six months of 2016, 43 severe incidents reported 97 aid workers as assaulted or injured.
- 2 aid workers raped in South Sudan and Tanzania.
- 1 aid worker sexually assaulted in Zambia.
These data has been prepared by the Aid in Danger project by Insecurity Insight using the Security in Numbers Database. Reported events based on open source reporting between January 2015-June 2016, as of 16 August 2016. Data collection is ongoing and these numbers may change as new information is made available. More information www.insecurityinsight.ordaidindanger/
As of 31 August 2016, UN-coordinated appeals and refugee response plans as covered by the Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) require US$21.7 billion to meet the needs of 95.4 million people affected by humanitarian crises in 40 countries. Global requirements are adjusted throughout the year as response plans are revised, both upwards and downwards, to reflect up-to-date needs.
The current decrease has resulted from revisions of plans for Ethiopia, Afghanistan and Yemen.
The Ethiopia Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD) now requests $1.6 billion to respond to the needs of 9.7 million people affected by El Niño. In Afghanistan, there is a $54 million reduction in the overall ask from $393 to $339 million.
The reductions reflect funding constraints impacting the ability to implement programmes, realistic absorption capacity and capability to deliver in the coming six months. Humanitarian actors have reached 2.1 million people with aid. The HRP for Yemen now requires $1.6 billion to respond to the needs of 12.6 million people. Some 6.9 million people have received assistance in 22 Governorates.
Funding for the Syria Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) and the Syria Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan (3RP) is at 34 per cent and 47 per cent respectively.
Although the London conference saw record-level pledges, disbursements are urgently required to allow organizations to scale up or sustain operations in Syria and the region. With the highly prioritised Iraq 2016 Humanitarian Response Plan only 53 per cent funded, operational partners have urgently appealed for additional $284 million to prepare for the humanitarian impact of the operation to retake Mosul from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL).
The 2016 humanitarian response plans (HRPs) for Nigeria, Niger, Chad and Cameroon contain components to respond to the Lake Chad Basin crisis and have appealed for $559 million to scale up their operations. The Cadre Harmonisé report for August notes that 65,000 people in North-East Nigeria are experiencing famine, more than 1 million people are in emergency, while about 3.3 million are in crisis. Please see icon overleaf for information on other urgent funding needs.
Additionally, El Niño's impact on people’s food security and agricultural livelihoods, will continue through the next growing season, with the impact on health, nutrition, water and sanitation likely to grow throughout the year.
Eastern and Southern Africa are the most affected regions with the effects likely to last well into 2017. Some 23 countries have presented costed response plans with total requirements of $5 billion.
On 16 August, the Emergency Relief Coordinator released $50 million from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) for severely underfunded aid operations in Yemen, the Democratic Republic Congo, Chad, Central African Republic, Rwanda and Eritrea [link]. The latest rapid response allocations include aid for Syrian refugees in Jordan and an allocation to Niger. CERF has allocated a total of $291 million in 2016 thus far. The Fund has received $345 million for 2016 as of the end of August, and continues to anticipate a funding gap of $50 million on the $450 million annual funding target.
Meanwhile, 18 Member States have contributed $465 million in 2016. OCHA manages 18 CBPFs in the world’s worst crises, where these funds have allocated $339 million to aid agencies: 19 per cent to national NGOs; 47 per cent to international NGOs; 34 per cent to UN agencies. CBPFs continue to be one of the largest direct sources of funding to local and national frontline responders.
As of 30 September 2016, UN-coordinated appeals and refugee response plans within the Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) require US$22 billion to meet the needs of 95 million humanitarian crisis-affected people in 40 countries. Together the appeals are funded at $9.4 billion, leaving a shortfall of $12.6 billion.
In September, two Flash Appeals were issued and requirements for several response plans were revised. The Afghanistan Flash Appeal was launched on 7 September, requesting $152 million to respond to the urgent needs of one million people "on the move" internally and across the border up to the end of 2016. The recent surge in displacement, mainly triggered by Afghans returning from Pakistan, has far surpassed 2016 humanitarian planning figures. On 15 September, the Libya Flash Appeal requesting $10.7 million by the end of the year was issued to provide urgent protection and life-saving assistance to 79,400 people in the Libyan city of Sirte.
Requirements for the Lake Chad Basin countries of Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria were revised upwards this month. Some nine million people need humanitarian assistance in the region. In north-east Nigeria alone, around 6.3 million people are severely food insecure. Global acute malnutrition rates have reached 30-60 per cent in some areas. Country teams are scaling up operations and a review of the extent of humanitarian needs has revealed an escalation of unmet requirements for the year to $542 million.
In Iraq, less than half has been received of the $284 million required by the Mosul Flash Appeal to prepare for the humanitarian consequences of the military operation to retake Mosul. In Haiti, additional funds are urgently required to reinforce response teams in affected areas and to halt the rising spread of cholera. It is vital that the disease be contained, particularly as the hurricane season expected to begin in force in early October is likely to lead to additional humanitarian needs and financial requirements.
Since January 2016, the Central Emergency Response Fund has allocated $360 million to address urgent humanitarian needs in 43 countries – a sum exceeding total contributions so far this year of $345 million. In September, CERF disbursed $69 million to provide immediate, life-saving assistance in ten countries to 2.2 million people. A donor country recently contributed an additional $23.4 million to bridge the anticipated deficit of $50 million from the $450 million annual CERF funding target.
Meanwhile, 18 country-based pooled funds (CBPFs) have raised $473 million up to September 2016. In all, CBPFs have allocated $360 million to aid agencies this year: 18 per cent to national NGOs, 46 per cent to international NGOs, 35 per cent to UN agencies and 1 per cent to the Red Cross/Red Crescent movement. CBPFs continue as one of the most substantial and direct sources of funding for the programmes of local and national frontline responders.
The map below shows asylum applications by under age 18 year olds and gender. Darker colours mean more people have applied in a certain country. Use the slider to select a year or the drop down menus below to display data for different age groups or different home countries.
Our methodology uses 9 indicators, grouped under 3 categories:
Data is collected at the country level and may therefore not show disparities between sub-regions.
Find more detailed information on www.acaps.org/methodology
High access constraints
Humanitarian access is heavily restricted due to the ongoing conflict and IEDs significantly hinder populations accessing vital services such as health.
The government heavily restricts access through regulations requiring authorization for any NGO. Criminality and insecurity impact access particularly in Bujumbura.
Widespread insecurity due to continued fighting and frequent attacks on humanitarians, poor road infrastructure and years of low funding are severely constraining access.
Widespread insecurity and the kidnapping of humanitarians prevent assistance from being provided to people in need.
Access is almost impossible, only a few UN agencies operate in the country with limited mobility due to constraints set by Eritrean authorities.
INGOs are often denied access to certain areas. Restrictions on movement is limiting access to aid.
Insecurity in Somali and Oromia borders severely constrained aid delivery.
Ongoing conflict in IS held areas severely restricts humanitarian access. In recently liberated areas, UXO and mines are a significant hindrance to both accessing the population and the populations access to critical services.
Most of southern and eastern Libya is either inaccessible or hard to reach. Most humanitarian agencies have been operating from Tunisia since 2014.
Rohingya populations are inaccessible in Rakhine state and their movement is severely restricted. Access to areas not controlled by the government is completely restricted. Insecurity and violence have restricted access of humanitarians to affected populations.
Heavily restricted population movement and severely constrained access to the population for humanitarian organization.
Aid agencies struggle to deliver assistance because they lack government permission to operate in sensitive areas of the country, where needs are assumed to be highest. It poses restrictions also in the conduction of assessments.
Access is severely limited by physical and administrative restrictions on access and movement of NGOs, restrictions of delivery of materials, limits on the implementation of projects and demolitions of donor-funded structures.
Ongoing violence by extremist armed groups and clan wars, restriction of movement, and administrative impediments severely limit humanitarian operations in most regions.
Ongoing violence, armed groups' restriction of movement, and administrative impediments severely limit humanitarian operations, in addition to the rainy season.
SPLM-N controlled areas of South Kordofan and Blue Nille are inaccessible. Access in Darfur is heavily restricted. Many INGOs were expelled in 2009 and are since then very careful. Access can also be hindered during rainy season.
Humanitarian access to populations affected by the conflict continues to be severely restricted by insecurity, as well as by physical and bureaucratic constraints. Violence against humanitarian workers has killed almost 1,000 since the beginning of the conflict.
Ad-hoc modalities imposed by the de facto authorities in non-government controlled areas in the east heavily restricted the delivery of humanitarian assistance. People living in the demilitarised area lack continued access to assistance.
yemeThe ongoing blockade by the Saudi-led coalition on al Hudaydah port, restricted air, land and sea travels, in addition to insecurity and movement restrictions of humanitarians, all severely restrict access
Moderate access constraints
Humanitarian access remains difficult in the Far North due to insecurity and the presence of ERWs.
Restrictions of movement where armed groups operate particularly limits affected population's access to services.
Northern border closed to refugees, government control of NGO activities and restricted movement on Syrian refugees restrict access to/from affected population.
Humanitarian access is limited due to communal violence in parts of the North-North East and sporadic attacks by Al shabaab in the East.
The undocumented status of many Syrian refugees restricts their movement and limits their access to services. Active conflict in some areas along the Syrian border hinders humanitarians to provide aid.
Insecurity restricts humanitarian operations in northern and central regions, as well as a motorcycle ban in central regions which limits access to remote areas.
In some parts of the Diffa region, humanitarian access is constrained due to the persisting threat of Boko Haram. Access beyond Diffa town requires a military escort. In some parts of Tillaberi and Tahoua departments, humanitarian access is also constrained due to insecurity and the presence of Islamist/armed groups.
Republic of Congo
Due to insecurity and ongoing military operations, access is severely constrained in 8 of the 13 districts of the Pool region.
Administrative constraints on top of on-going crackdown on NGOs restrict assistance. IDPs in south east are not assisted.
Low access constraints
Continued active hostilities and the presence of UXO and mines limits humanitarian access
Violence against humanitarian workers has been reported in recent years. The government restricts access to the Rohingya refugee population in Cox's Bazar
Around Lake Chad islands, humanitarian access remains difficult due to Boko Haram attacks.
Guatemala, Honduras & El Salvador
Gang activity limits humanitarian operations in the Northern Triangle. Fear of reappraisals hampers the identification of people in need.
On Mindanao island, due to insecurity access to some areas is limited, compounded to physical constraints.
Border area with Yemen often affected by hostilities and Some NGOs not allowed to operate within the country.
Administrative impediments and denial of needs by the government severely restrict humanitarian operations.
Restricted movement of the population and a heavily mined areas left over from the war in the 1975s.
Government regulations and denial of needs affect humanitarian operations.
Geneva, Thursday 15 March 2018
Humanitarian access has deteriorated in seven countries over the past six months, according to the Humanitarian Access Overview report released today by ACAPS.
Out of the 37 countries included in the report, nearly half of them (18) are currently facing high humanitarian access constraints. Moderate humanitarian access constraints are an issue in nine countries and ten present low humanitarian access constraints.
“We are deeply concerned that in countries such as Myanmar and Mali that are already facing significant humanitarian challenges, it has become more difficult to operate. This means that even more people in need do not have access to critical humanitarian assistance” said Lars Peter Nissen, ACAPS Director.
This bi-annual analysis is the second released by ACAPS. The first publication was released in August 2017. What has changed in six months?
In comparison with the situation six months ago:
• Humanitarian access situation has deteriorated in 7 countries: Cameroon, Ethiopia, Libya, Mali, Myanmar, Pakistan, and Turkey.
• Although some countries are categorised as ‘no change’ over six months, there may have been fluctuations during this period.
• Myanmar is the country where humanitarian access has deteriorated the most, as access for the Rohingya population has become increasingly difficult.
• In Cameroon, curfews, check-points and violence constrain access in the Anglophone regions where the security situation has worsened over the past six months.
• In Libya, insecurity deteriorated in 2017 and early 2018 when direct attacks against UNSMIL and abductions of humanitarian workers were reported in Southern and Eastern part of the country.
• In Mali, violence has been increasing and movement has become more restricted. Over 130 incidents against humanitarian workers were reported in 2017, more than double the previous year.
• In Pakistan, in the second half of 2017 over 20 INGOs had their permissions revoked, deteriorating the operating environment.
• Humanitarian access situation has improved in one country: The Republic of Congo where the end of hostilities in Pool department following the 23 December ceasefire point to improving humanitarian access.